Make and Do


Common Collocations with DO

  • Do a deal

To make an arrangement, esp. in business

Eg: Have you done any deals with distributors in Asia yet?

  • Do business

To be engaged in business, to be involved in commerce or trade.

Eg: We want to do business with you

  • Do damage

To cause harm or damage

eg: Did the storm do much damage?

  • Do the dishes

To wash plates, cups, pots, pans, knives, forks, etc. used to cook and eat a meal

Eg: Whose turn is it to do the dishes tonight?

  • Do the ironing

To iron clothes, sheets, …

Eg: I like listening to the radio while I’m doing the ironing.

  • Do the shopping

To buy food and groceries

Eg: We usually do the shopping at our local supermarket.

  • Do (your) best

Do all you can to succeed

Eg: We did our best to win, but the other team played really well.

  • Do (your) duty

Do what you should do at work, at home, or for your community

Eg: The police were just doing their duty when they arrested him.

  • Do (your) hair

Style your hair. I need the hair dresser to do my hair

Eg: Every morning I do my hair so it looks presentable.

  • Do (your) nails

Paint your nails

Eg: Can you open this envelope for me? I just did my nails and they’re still wet.

  • Do someone a favour

Do something for someone as an act of kindness

He: He did us a big favour by postponing his departure for a couple of weeks.

  • Do harm

To have a bad effect on somebody or something

Eg: The floods didn’t do any serious harm to our crops.

  • Do damage

To cause harm or damage

Eg: Did the storm do much damage?

  • Do better

To improve performance or condition

Eg: We didn’t play well today, but I’m sure we’ll do better next time.

  • Do work

To put effort into a task or a job

Eg: I’ve done enough work for one day. I’m going home.


Common Collocations with MAKE

  • Make a bed

To neatly arrange the sheets, blankets and pillows on a bed

Eg: Mum says I have to make my bed before I go to school.

  • Make a decision

To decide what to do

Eg: „Have you made a decision yet?“

  • Make a fortune

To make a huge amount of money

Eg: My uncle made a fortune in the software business.

  • Make a fuss

To create unnecessary excitement or concern about something

Eg: I like people who achieve a lot without making a big fuss about what they’re doing.

  • Make a living

To earn money for the things you need in life

Eg: It’s not easy to make a living when the economy’s so bad.

  • Make a mess

To create an untidy or disorganized state or situation

Eg: If rich kids make a mess, their servants tidy things up again.

  • Make a mistake

To do something that’s wrong or has bad results

Eg: Whenever we make mistakes, our teacher corrects them for us.

  • Make a note (of)

To write down something so that you don’t forget it

Eg: I’d better make a note of that, or I might forget.

  • Make a pass at

Flirt with someone

Eg: My best friend’s brother made a pass at me – he asked if I was single and tried to get my phone number.

  • Make a profit

To make money from business or investments

Eg: Big companies employ smart people to ensure they pay very little tax on the huge profits they make.

  • Make a reservation

To book or reserve a seat on a train, a table in a restaurant, a room in a hotel, …

Eg: Shall I make a reservation for 8 o’clock at that Japanese restaurant?

  • Make a takeover bid

To try to get control of something

Eg: The company made a takeover bid for one of its rivals.

  • Make an appearance

To appear; to appear in a performance

Eg: We waited for thirty minutes for the professor to make an appearance, then we went home.

  • Make an effort

To put time and energy into doing something

Eg: You can’t learn a language without making an effort.

  • Make an excuse

To give a reason for doing something you shouldn’t do, or for not doing something you should do

Eg: He got to work late and made some excuse about being stuck in traffic.

  • Make an offer

To state a price you’re willing to pay for something

Eg: He made a generous offer, but I had to turn it down.

  • Make contact

To contact a person or an organisation

Eg: After I get there, I’ll make contact with a number of local trading companies.

  • Make friends

To form new friendships

Eg: Jenny finds it hard to make friends.

  • Make peace

To end hostilities; to reach a peace agreement

Eg: Both countries can rebuild now that they have made peace with each other.



Different Types of Breads in English

  • White bread

Wholemeal bread is more nutritious than white bread.

  • Wheat bread

Making good wheat bread is a satisfying experience for a number of reasons.

  • Whole grain bread

Parents were sent weekly and coupons for brown rice, whole grain bread, and other healthful foods.

  • Rye bread

Since it is low in calories, rye bread is ideal for dieters.

  • Hot dog bun

I had a hot dog bun for breakfast.

  • Hamburger bun

It’s the hamburger bun what I ordered.

  • Croissant

She bit into a croissant and took a sip of coffee.

  • Swiss roll (U.K) – jelly roll (U.S)

I will have black tea with lemon and sugar and a piece of swiss rolljelly roll.

  • Pretzel

I love pretzels, trail mix, raisins and dried fruit.

  • Bagels

People are eating bagels for lunch, dinner and snacks in between.

  • Donut

She is eating a donut, and the powdered sugar makes more spots on her dress.

  • Rolls

She put some margarine on her roll.

  • Breadsticks

Would you like some more breadstick?

  • French bread/ baguette

French bread goes stale very quickly.


Types of music

‘What kind of music do you like?’ – How often have you been asked this question and been unable to answer it? In today’s lesson we look at vocabulary that we can use to help us answer this question. This is a list of 10 different styles of music. We also call them genres. When native English speakers ask the question ‘What kind of music do you like?’, they are expecting to hear you say one, two or even three of these genres:

Max: What kind of music do you like?
Suzy: I like listening to dance music, country and blues. How about you?
Max: I like listening to dance music too. I also like listening to classical music and reggae.

Different types of music

1) Blues

This style of music is usually slow and often sad. It started in the southern US. Singers often sing about their difficult lives or their bad luck.

Famous blues singers include B.B. King, Bessie Davis, and Otis Rush.

2) Classical music

With this style of music, there is no singing. It is only instrumental.

Famous composers of classical music include Mozart, Beethoven, and Bach.

3) Reggae

This style of music comes from Jamaica. It has strong second and fourth beats. Reggae songs often contain non-standard grammar.

Famous reggae singers include Bob Marley, Peter Tosh, and Bunny Wailer.

4) Children’s Music

This style of music is easy to understand. They are songs that have been especially written for children. Yes, there are adults that like these songs too. 🙂

5) Country

This is a popular style of music that is based on traditional music from the western and southern US.

Famous country singers include Dolly Parton, Johnny Cash, and Willie Nelson.

6) Dance music

You can often hear this style of music in night clubs. It has a very strong beat and people like to dance to it.

7) Easy Listening

This style of music is not difficult, complicated, or serious. This is a wide style and may include other styles of music.

Famous singers of this style of music include André Rieu, Andre Kostelanetz, and Henry Mancini.

8) Electronic music

This style of music is often made on the computer or with other electronic instruments.

9) Rock music

This style of dance music began in the USA in the 1950s. It has a strong loud beat and simple tunes that are often repeated.

Famous rock bands include U2, The Beatles, and The Eagles.

10) Heavy Metal/Metal

This is a style of rock music that is often played loudly using electrical instruments.

Famous heavy metal bands include Black Sabbath, Deep Purple and Led Zeppelin.

11) Hip-hop

In this style of music, songs are often about politics or the society. The hip-hop artists speak the words rather than sing them. It is also called rap music or hip hop music.

Famous hip-hop artists include Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, and Notorious B.I.G.

12) Gospel

This is a style of religious music. It was started by African Americans in the south of the US. It is usually performed by groups of singers with strong voices.

Famous gospel groups include the Fairfield Four, the Dixie Hummingbirds, and the Golden Gate Quartet.

13) Jazz

This style of music was developed in the early 20th century. The music is often improvised. This means that the performers change the music as they perform.

Famous jazz performers include Frank Sinatra, Tony Bennett, and Andy Williams.

14) New Age

This style of music helps people to relax. It is often used to create a calm and peaceful environment. Some people listen to this style of music when they meditate.

Famous New Age performers include Enya, Era, and Paul Horn.

15) Pop

This style consists of popular modern music. These pop songs usually have strong beats and words that are easy to listen to and remember.

Famous pop artists include Lady Gaga, Katy Perry, and Michael Jackson.

16) Opera

An opera is a kind of play where the characters sing rather than speak. These operas have orchestras (i.e. large groups of musicians which play mostly classical music).

Famous opera singers include Luciano Pavarotti, Paul Potts, and Montserrat Caballé.

17) R&B

This popular style of music was started by African Americans in the 1940s. It was developed from blues and  jazz.

Famous contemporary (i.e. modern) R&B singers include Rihanna, Beyonce, and Mariah Carey.

18) Soundtrack

This is not so much a style of music as a collection of music and/or songs that are used in a specific movie (e.g. the soundtrack to Iron Man, the soundtrack to The Dark Knight, etc.)  and games (e.g. the soundtrack to Assassin’s Creed, the soundtrack to Halo, etc.). It is often abbreviated to OST which stands for Original Soundtrack.

19) World Music

World Music is the traditional or folk music of a specific culture or country.

20) Kwaito music

This is a modern style of music that started in South Africa in the 1990s. It is based on house music but features African sounds and a slower beat.

Famous kwaito artists include Lebo Mathosa, Arthur Mafokate, and Brenda Fassie.

How can we say dates in English?

Today’s free English lesson is about saying dates in English.

Ordinal Numbers

The first thing you should know is that we usually use ordinal numbers (e.g. first, second, third, etc.) instead of cardinal numbers (e.g. one, two, three, etc.) when we talk about the days.

Numeral Cardinal Number Ordinal Number
1 one first
2 two second
3 three third
4 four fourth
5 five fifth
6 six sixth
7 seven seventh
8 eight eighth
9 nine ninth
10 ten tenth
11 eleven eleventh
12 twelve twelfth
13 thirteen thirteenth
14 fourteen fourteenth
15 fifteen fifteenth
16 sixteen sixteenth
17 seventeen seventeenth
18 eighteen eighteenth
19 nineteen nineteenth
20 twenty twentieth
21 twenty-one twenty-first
22 twenty-two twenty-second
23 twenty-three twenty-third
24 twenty-four twenty-fourth
25 twenty-five twenty-fifth
26 twenty-six twenty-sixth
27 twenty-seven twenty-seventh
28 twenty-eight twenty-eighth
29 twenty-nine twenty-ninth
30 thirty thirtieth
31 thirty-one thirty-first


The second thing to look at is the correct pronunciation of the months:



The third thing to look at is the correct pronunciation of the years:*

We usually group the numbers together in pairs:

1982: one-thousand, nine-hundred and eighty-two X
1982: nineteen eighty-two

1328: one-thousand, three-hundred and twenty-eight X
1328: thirteen twenty-eight

1632: one-thousand, six-hundred and thirty-two X
1632: sixteen thirty-two

1999: one-thousand, nine-hundred and ninety-nine
1999: nineteen ninety-nine

Things change after 1999:

2000: two-thousand

2001: two-thousand and one

2010: two-thousand and ten

Saying Dates

Let’s get down to saying some dates:

the + the day (ordinal number) + of + the month

Written: My brother was born on 15 June 1977.
Spoken: My brother was born on the fifteenth of June nineteen seventy-seven.

Written: Barack Obama became the president of the USA on 20 January 2009.
Spoken: Barack Obama became the president of the USA on thetwentieth of January two-thousand and nine.

Written: Egypt became a republic on 18 June 1953.
Spoken: Egypt became a republic on the eighteenth of June nineteen fifty-three.

Written: I was born on 23 September.
Spoken: I was born on the twenty-third of September.

Written: 2012 is a leap year.
Spoken: Two-thousand and twelve is a leap year.

Please note: This is the correct way of saying dates in British English. It is not the same in American English.

Days and Months